Since 2002
ISSN 1703 - 8375
August 2005
Home
Archives
Editors
Editorial
E-mail
— blbIr jMzU
dlbIr isMG
— surjIq klsI
— zf[ srbjIq isMG
amrjIq cMdn
— Bgvfn isMG joÈ
nvF moV
afpxyafpxy lok
— ajmyr rozy
afpxI afpxI gwl
kuwJ nf bol
Xogf- blivMdr acfrIaf
khfxI — AudFbrf
— mnmohn bfvf
prIaF df dyÈ
imÀnI khfxIaF

 

kdoN dyKFgy awTvF ajUbf?

— blbIr jMzU

jfb ivc afnMdpur sfihb dI pivwqr aqy ieiqhfsk DrqI Auqy Ausfry jf rhy sMsfr dy invykly siBafcfrk aqy ieiqhfsk ajfiebGr dIaF kMDF nUM ajy qwk Auh KUbsUrqI, cmk-dmk aqy afvfËnhIN iml skI jo AunHF nUM agsq, 2002 qk iml jfxI cfhIdI sI. ies dyrI df muwK kfrn PMzF dI Gft aqy Bfrq dy rfjsI pRbMD ivclIaF Auh KfmIaF hn ijhVIaF pRbMDkI PYsly lYx ivc aksr aiVwky bxdIaF rihMdIaF hn.
Kflsf ivrfsq ajfiebGr nF dy ies pRfjYkt dI rUp ryKf AulIkx vyly ies nUM muhweIaF kIqI jfx vflI rfÈI dy koeI Tos pRbMD nhIN sn kIqy gey. Aus smyN dI pÀjfb ivclI akflI-Bfjpf srkfr Kud vI afriQk sMkt ivcoN lMG rhI sI. ies krky Aus dI PMz leI muwK tyk kyNdr dI kOmI jmhUrI gTjoV srkfr Auqy hI sI. ies qoN ielfvf Auh pRvfsI iswKF vwloN ies pRfjYkt leI pfey jfx vfly Xogdfn Auqy inrBr kr rhI sI. pr ies pRfjYkt df kMm mukMml hox dy nyVy-qyVy vI nhIN sI puwjf ik PrvrI 2002 ivc pÀjfb ivDfn sBf dIaF coxF af geIaF. ienHF coxF dOrfn pÀjfb dy lokF ny sRI pRkfÈ isMG bfdl dI agvfeI vflI akflI-Bfjpf srkfr nUM cldf kr idwqf. coxF ipwCoN pÀjfb ivc kYptn amirMdr isMG sI srkfr bx geI. pr Kflsf ivrfsq ajfiebGr nUM Ausfrn leI bxfeI geI KudmuKqfr sMsQf afnMdpur sfihb PfAUNzyÈn dy kMm nUM brykF lwgxIaF ÈurU ho geIaF. ikAuNik 20 mYNbrI afnMdpur sfihb PfANUzyÈn dy jIvn Br leI cyarmYNn pRkfÈ isMG bfdl bxy hoey sn ik Auh muwK mMqrI dI kursI qoN Auqfrn ipwCoN vI ies df kMm clfAuNdy rihxgy. ies df iek kfrn ieh vI sI ik keI pRvfsI iswKF ny Kflsf ivrfsq ajfiebGr nUM shfieqf dyxI ies Èrq nfl hI mMnI sI ik Auh hI ies PfAUzyÈn dy kMmkfj nUM clfAuNdy rihxgy.
hoieaf aYn ies dy Ault. AunHF dy muwK mMqrI dI kursI qoN pfsy hox ipwCoN afnMdpur sfihb PfAUzyÈn dI 6aprYl 2003 qk koeI mIitMg hI nf sMBv ho skI. afKr 7 aprYl 2003 nUM PfAUNzyÈn dI mIitMg ivc inXmF nUM soD ky sRI pRkfÈ isMG bfdl nUM cYarmYn dy ahudy qoN htf idwqf igaf. ies dy nfl hI ieh ivvsQf kr idwqI geI ik PfAUNzyÈn df cyarmYn pÀjfb df muwK mMqrI hI hovygf. ies ipwCoN 8 aprYl 2003 nUM pÀjfb dy mOjUdf muwK mMqrI kYptn amirMdr isMG ny PfAUNzyÈn dy cyarmYNn df ahudf sMBfl ilaf. Aus ipwCoN iPr PfAUNzyÈn dIaF srgrmIaF ivDIvq ZMg nfl ÈurU hoeIaF aqy ies pRfjYkt dI AusfrI nUM awgy qorn leI afriQk sfDn jutfAux leI bYkF qk phuMc kIqI geI. pMj bYkF ny pÀjfb nYÈnl bYNk dI agvfeI hyT ies pRfjYkt leI 100 kroV rupey df krjf pÀjfb srkfr dI gfrMtI nfl dyxf mMinaf. ies qoN ielfvf Bfrq dy pRDfn mMqrI mnmohn isMG ny 31 agsq 2004 nUM ies pRfjYkt leI kyNdr vwloN 48 kroV rupey dI shfieqf dyx df aYlfn kIqf igaf. aijhf hox `qy PfAUNzyÈn kol PMzF dI Gft qF dUr ho geI aqy qknIkI aiVwcxF nUM vI kfPI hwd qwk hwl kr ilaf igaf hY. hux ies pRfjYkt dI AusfrI ivc lwgI kMpnI lfrsn aYNz tUbro nfl gwlbfq ho rhI hY. kMpnI vI afpxy ies pRfjYkt dI AusfrI ivc juwty stfP nUM iekwTf krn `c lwgI hoeI hY. ieMnf icr pRfjYkt df kMm ruikaf rihx krky kMpnI afpxy rytF nUM muV soDx dI mMg kr rhI sI ies bfry PfAUNzyÈn dy aiDkfrIaF nUM afs hY ik ieh mfmlf vI CyqI hwl krky jUn mhIny qoN pRfjYkt df kMm iPr vwzI pwDr Auqy ÈurU ho jfvygf. AunHF nUM ieh vI afs hY ik PfAUNzyÈn kol loVINdy PMz af jfx nfl ieh kMm mfrc 2007 qk mukMml ho jfvygf.
Kflsf ivrfsq ajfiebGr: Kflsf pMQ dI sfjnf dy 300 vyN sflfnf idvs nUM smripq smfgm aprYl 1999 nUM sMsfr Br ivc mnfey gey sn. ies mOky nUM XfdgfrI bxfAux, Kflsf ivrfsq nUM sMBflx, pÀjfb dy siBafcfr aqy ieiqhfs dy lokF nUM jIvMq drÈn krvfAux aqy ies nfl joVn dy Auprfly vjoN ies ajfiebGr df nINh pwQr pMj ipafiraF ny 22 nvMbr 1998 nUM afnMdpur sfihb ivKy rwiKaf sI.
ies smuwcy eyar kMzIÈbz ajfieb Gr df izËfeIn sMsfr dy mÈhUr aqy AuGy afrkItYkt moÈy sfPdI ny iqafr kIqf hY. moÈy sfPdI dI Dfrnf hY ik, “iksy iemfrq dI, ijs DrqI Auqy Aus nUM Ausfiraf jfxf huMdf hY, Aus qoN vwKry qOr `qy klpnf nhIN kIqI jf skdI huMdI.” AunHF ny afpxI ies Dfrnf dy qihq hI Kflsf ivrfsq kMplYks df izËfien iqafr krn df kMm ÈurU krn qoN pihlF pÀjfb dy ieiqhfs nUM bVI zUMGfeI nfl GoiKaf aqy sRI drbfr sfihb, afnMdpur sfihb dy ikly aqy gurduafrf kysgVH sfihb qoN pRyrxf lY ky izËfien iqafr kIqf. kMplYks leI QF dI cox Auprokq pihlUaF nUM iDafn ivc rwK ky kIqI geI. moÈy sfPdI vwloN iqafr kIqI geI Xojnf anusfr ieh kMplYks 100 eykV rkby ivc Ausr irhf hY. ieh kMplYks do iemfrqF df smUh hY ijMnF dI vrqoN iek-dUsry nfl sMbMDq mnorQF leI hovygI. pwCmI kMplYks ies kMplYks df muwK duafr hovygf. ies ivc Auh sfry kMm kyNdirq hoxgy ijnHF df iswDf sbMD lokF dIaF loVF nfl hovygf. ies ivc bdlvIaF numfieÈF vflIaF gYlrIaF, do mMËlI Koj aqy hvflf lfiebryrI, rIizMg rUm hn. ies qoN ielfvf cfr sO sItF vflF iek afzItorIam hY ijs ivc sYmInfr aqy siBafcfrk progrfm krn dI shUlq hovygI.
pwCmI kMplYks nUM pUrbI kMplYks nfl joVn leI 165 mItr lMmf pYdl cwlx vflf pul iqafr kIqf igaf hY. ies pul nUM isMglf aYNz kMpnI ny iqafr kIqf sI. Kflsf ivrfsq ajfiebGr ivc sQfeI numfieÈ gYlrIaF hn ijnHF ivc 500 sflF dy iswK ivrsy nUM drsfieaf jfvygf. kMplYks dy dovF BfgF ivckfr 7 eykV rkby ivc pfxI dy keI qlfbF ivc ienHf iemfrqF dy ibMb Jlkdy hn.
sfPdI dy izËfien muqfibk iswK iemfrqF Aupr bxy Èfndfr rvfieqI guMbdF dy Ault Kflsf ivrfsq ajfiebGr dIaF CwqF afkfÈ vwl nUM golfeI vfly ivÈfl ipafilaF dy rUp ivc hn. ienHF golfeIaF ivc lwgIaF stynlYWs stIl dIaF cmqkfr prqF Duwp aqy rOÈnI dIaF ikrnF gurduafrf sRI kysgVH sfihb aqy iklf afnMdgVH Aupr suwtdIaF hn.
ies ajfiebGr nUM moÈy sfPdI dy ÈbdF ivc ieMj ibafn kIqf igaf hY. : ies iemfrq dI iek mhwqvpUrn sfrQk KUbI kfl-aqIq nUM drsfAuxf hY-ieh ajfiebGr hmyÈf leI ivlwKx, rhwsmeI aqy sdIvI rhygf.” ies ajfiebGr ivc kI idKfieaf jfvy? kI rwiKaf jfvy? iswK ieiqhfs aqy ivrfsq dI mUl Dfrnf aqy rUp ryKf nUM iqafr krn leI pÀjfb dI akflI-Bfjpf srkfr ny iek 16 mYNbrI kmytI df gTn kIqf sI. ies kmytI ivc AuWGy ieiqhfskfrF aqy sfihqkfrF nUM Èfml kIqf igaf sI, ijnHF ivc zf[ KVk isMG mfn, zf[ jy[ aYs gryvfl, zf jsvMq isMG nykI, zf[ bI[ aYs[ rqn, zf[ drÈn isMG, zf[ mihMdr isMG, zf[ dlIp kOr itvfxf, pRo pRIqm isMG, pRo[ ipRQIpfl isMG kpUr, zf[ bI[ aYn[ gosvfmI, ibRgyzIar (syvf mukq) jI[ aYs gryvfl Èfml hn. ies kmytI vwloN iqafr kIqy gey KrVy nUM afDfr mMn ky bxfeI geI ajfiebGr dI DFrnf aqy rUp ryKf iswKI asUlF, drÈn (iPlfsPI) aqy iswK pRMprfvF anukUl hY aqy mirafdf dI ksOtI Auqy pUrI AuqrdI hY. ajfiebGr ivc sQfpq kIqy jfx vfly sfry ivÈy qy GtnfvF ies kmytI vwloN pRvfn kIqy jfxgy.
aihmdfbfd dy nYÈnl ieMstIicAUt afP izËfeIn vwloN vI hr ivÈy aqy GtnfvF nUM pUrI CfxbIx aqy GoK krn AuprMq hI ies ajfiebGr df ihwsf bxfAux dy mMqv nfl mfihrF dI iek ‘KojI tIm’ iqafr kIqI geI hY qF jo Kflsf ivrfsq ajfiebGr dI sQfpqI df sfrf kMm tksflI, iswK mirafdf aqy iswKI isDFqF dy anusfr hovy.
ajfiebGr ivc 27 gYlrIaF aqy vwzy hfl hn ijnHF rfhIN oieiqhfs aqy sfzy amIr ivesy dI pyÈkfrI kIqI jfxI hY. ies ingrfnI aqy ivlwKx gfQf nUM afvfË, rOÈnI, icwqrF, klf aqy spys dy mltImIzIaf aqy aiq-afDuink ielYktrfink qknflojI dI vrqoN nfl pyÈ kIqf jfvygf.
iemfrq dIaF do gol gYlrIaF ivc iswK Drm dy buinafdI isDFq drsfey jfxgy. pihlI mMiËl vflI gYlrI ivc sRI gurU nfnk dyv dy agMmI igafn dI Bfvnf nUM drsfieaf jfvygf. ies qoN awgy gurU nfnk dyv nfl sbMDq gYlrIaF hn. ies qoN bfad gurU aMgd, gurU amrdfs aqy gurU rfmdfs dIaF gYlrIaF hn. iPr gurU arjn dyv, gurU gurU hrgoibMd, gurU hrrfie, gurU hirikRÈn, gurU qyg bhfdr aq gurUy goibMd isMG dIaF gYlrIaF hn. ienHF qoN bfad bMdf isMG bhfdr, KudmuKqfr iswK rfj-mhfrfjf rxjIq isMG, gurduafrf suDfr lihr aqy rfjnIqI-rfÈtrvfdI aqy iswK, sfhs dI gfQf, dyÈ dI vMz qoN pihlF, btvfrf, punrvfs, nvF muwZ nF dIaF gYlrIaF hn ijMnHF `coN pÀjfb dy ieiqhfs aqy siBafcfr dI Jlk imlygI.
ies ajfiebGr `c gurU nfnk dyv vflI gYlrI qoN lY ky dyÈ dI vMMz qoN pihlF dy hflfq qwk dI pRdriÈq smwgrI dy smfnFqr ieiqhfs dI kMD clygI ijhVI pÀjfb, Bfrq aqy ivÈv ieiqhfs dIaF mhwqvpUrn siBafcfrk, smfjk aqy rfjnIqk GtnfvF nUM drsfeygI. ies qoN ielfvf ies kMplYks dy iek ihwsy `c inÈfn-ey-Kflsf sQfpq krn dI Xojnf hY. ies bfry iudRÈtIkox ajy pUrI qrHF spÈt nhIN hY ik Aus nU Miks Dfrnf nfl Ausfiraf aqy sQfpq kIqf jfvy. ies krky ies ihwsy `c ajy qwk koeI kMm ÈurU nhIN hoieaf. AuNj vI ieh pRfjYkt ajy 40 eykV ËmIn ivc hI Ausr irhf hY.
ivrfsq dI mfiek gfQf: afnMdpur sfihb PfAUNzyÈn dy nozl aPsr sRI pI[ aYs[ Bopfl dy dwsx anusfr ies ajfiebGr df do GMty ivc pUrf hox vflf sPr drÈkF sfhmxy 500 virHaF dy pÀjfb dy ieiqhfs aqy sfzI ivrfsq dI pUrI khfxI drsfeygf. ajfiebGrF dy ieiqhfs ivc ieh pRfjYkt afpxI imsfl afp hovygf aqy sMsfr ivc ies pRfjYkt nUM boldy ajfiebGr df nF idMidaF AunF ikhf ik ies Auqy kuwl 225 kroV rupey Krc afAuxgy. ies ivcoN hux qwk 80 kroV rupey Krc ho cuwky hn. iswK ieiqhfs aqy ivrfsq dI pyÈkfrI df kMm iqafrI aDIn hY. ies pRfjYkt Auqy ajy 145 kroV rupey hor Krc afAuxy hn. AunHF dwisaf ik ies Xojnf anusfr ies pRfjYkt Auqy afAux vfly Krc df 1/3 ihwsf Bfrq srkfr dyvygI. pRDfn mMqrI zf[ mnmohn isMG ny sfl 2004 ivc kyNdr dy ihwsy dy 48 kroV rupey dyxy pRvfn kr ley sn. ijnHF ivcoN 2 kroV rupey ipCly sfl iml gey sn. 46 kroV rupey dI adfiegI ies sfl krn df pRbMD ho igaf hY. ies Xojnf aDin bfkI df 2/3 ihwsf pÀjfb srkfr aqy iswK sMgq vwloN pfieaf jfxf hY. pÀjfb srkfr ny 100 kroV rupey df krËf bYNkF qoN lY ky idwqf hY. hux pÀjfb srkfr ivdyÈF `c rihMdy pÀjfbIaF pfsoN 50 kroV rupey ies pRfjYkt ivc ihwsf pvfAux leI XqnÈIl hY.
pRfjYkt dy ieMjInIar sRI rfjIv aroVf nUM afs hY ik ies pRfjYkt df iek ihwsf akqUbr-nvMbr, 2006 ivc sMgqF leI KolH idwqf jfvygf. ies df ruikaf hoieaf kMm agly mhIny ivc pUrI qrHF ÈurU ho jfvygf. lfrYNs aYNz tUbro kMpnI ny afpxf kuJ stfP ieQy Byj vI idwqf hY. AunHF dwisaf ik iksy iek Kfs BfeIcfry nfl sMbMDq ieh sMsfr df pihlf ajfiebGr hY.
vrqmfn siQqI: awj jy koeI ivakqI Kflsf ivrfsq kMplYks nUM jf ky dyKy qF AuQy ies kMplYks dy ZFcy qoN vwD kuJ nËr nhIN afAuNdf. kMDF aqy Qmly aqy suwky hoey qlfb aqy vwzf vwzf Gfh hI quhfzf svfgq krdy hn. isrP muwK duafr qoN jd qusIN dfKl huMdy ho qF AuQy ipaf ies kMplYks df mfzl ies Ausr rhy kMplYks dI mhfnqf nUM quhfzy mn `qy Aukrdf hy. afnMdpur sfihb dy gurduafiraF dy drÈnF leI afAux vfly ÈrDflU ies nUM Kflsf ivrfsq nfl juiVaf hox krky ies bfry jd AuQy gurduafiraF `c qfienfq syvfdfrF nfl gwl krdy hn qF AunHF nUM ies bfry kuJ pqf nhIN huMdf. AuQy afm lokF `c ieh Dfrnf hY ik ies dI AusfrI pÀjfb arbn izvYlpmYNt aQfrtI (puwzf) vwloN krvfeI jf rhI hY. jd ik Aus dI BUimkf isrP ies pRfjYkt leI ËmIn lY ky dyx dy aml qwk hI sImq sI. AuNj ajy kMplYks dy sfry ZFcy dI iqafrI df kMm ipaf hY.
ies sbMD ivc jdoN gurduafrf sRI kysgVH sfihb dy mYnyjr sRI krm isMG nfl gwl kIqI qF AunHF df kihxf sI ik afnMdpur sfihb PfAUzyÈn nUM cfhIdf hY ik Auh gurduafrf sfihb dy sUcnf kyNdr ivc ies pRfjYkt nfl sbMDq qfËf jfxkfrI puwjdI krdy rihx qF jo asIN ies sbMD ivc jfxkfrI pRfpq krn vfly ÈrDflUaF nUM kuJ dws skIey. hux qF sfnUM iehI kihxf pYNdf hY ik nf sfzf ies sbMDI iksy nfl koeI qflmyl hY aqy nf hI sfnUM koeI jfxkfrI.
qÉq sRI kysgVH sfihb dy jQydfr igafnI qrlocn isMG df ies sbMDI kihxf sI ik Auh qF srkfr nUM ieh hI apIl krdy hn ik Auh Kflsf ivrfsq kMplYks nUM CyqI qoN CyqI pUrf kry. AunHF ikhf ik AunHF ny ies sbMD ivc pÀjfb dy muwK mMqrI nUM icwTIaF vI iLlKIaF hn pr AunHF df koeI jvfb nhIN afieaf. AunHF df iek suJfa sI ik cMzIgVH qoN afnMdpur sfihb qwk ryl gwzI clfeI jfxI cfhIdI hY. dUsrf suJfa ieh sI ik kyNdr srkfr ptnf sfihb qoN aMbflf CfAuxI qwk afAuNdI ryl gwzI nUM afnMdpur sfihb qwk vDfieaf jfvy qF jo qÉq ptnf sfihb aqy qÉq sRI kysgVH ivcfly iswDf ryl sMprk ho sky. AunHF df kihxf sI ik Auh ies sbMD `c jldI hI pRDfn mMqrI nUM icwTI ilK rhy hn. cfhIdf qF ieh vI hY ik iswKF dI sMivDfnk aqy pRqIinD sMsQf ÈRomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI nUM ies pRfjYkt nfl joV ky rwiKaf jfvy ikAuNik ieh gwl bVI acMBy vflI lwgdI hY ik Kflsf ivrfsq nfl sbMDq kMplYks afnMdpur sfihb dI DrqI `qy bx irhf hovy. pRfpq jfxkfrI muqfbk jdoN sRI pRkfÈ isMG bfdl afnMdpur sfuhb PfAUzyÈn dy cyarmYn sn qF Aus vyly ÈRomxI kmytI dy pRDfn nUM ies `c Èfml kIqf igaf sI, bfad ivc bIbI ikrnjoq kOr nUM mYNbr ilaf igaf sI pr AunF ny mYNbr bxn qoN nFh kr idwqI sI. ies PfAUzyÈn dy cyarmYn smyq kuwl 20 mYNbr hn. ies `coN 5 qoN 7mYNbrF qwk dI kfrjkfrnI kmytI huMdI hY ijhVI kMmkfj nUM clfAuNdI aqy Aus dI ingrfnI krdI hY.
awTvF ajUbf: ies pRfjYkt bfry iek Dfrnf ieh vI hY ik ieh sMsfr df awTvF ajUbF hovygf. ieh pRfjYkt jy Xojnf muqfbk mukMml ho jfvy aqy ies ivc Auh sfrIaF shUlqF mhweIaf kr idwqIaF jfx ijMnHF df iËkr pRsqfivq Xojnf ivc hY qF vfikaf hI ieh sMsfr df awTvF ajUbf iswD hovygf. svfl ies pRfjYkt dy mukMml hox df nhIN hY ikAuNik ijs qrHF dy afsfr bx rhy hn Aus `c ieh mukMml qF ho jfvygf pr Aus qoN bfad ies dI sFB-sMBfl, rwK-rKfE aqy ies dI Èfno-ÈOkq nUM lgfqfr bxfeI rwKx df svfl vI jvfb mMgdf hY. pr ies df spÈt jvfb hfl dI GVI ies pRfjYkt nfl juVy lokF kol vI nhIN hY.

Copyright © 2005 Nisot. All rights reserved.